The No.1 Resources of Education Abroad in China!
Interview丨Pro. Hyun-Chul Kim,Kunsan National University,Korea

  Q1. Nowadays, it has become a global trend to carry out entrepreneurial education in universities. Would you please introduce what kinds of preferential policies has been provided by Korean government for university students who are willing to make the move.
  A1. In my view, there cannot be any preferential policy in entrepreneurial education. If universities (professors) take action, students move. So the question is how to make universities move.
  In general we have three stages of education. First, we open lectures on entrepreneurship for students as many as possible. The second stage is that we encourage students to gather and make groups for their own business startup. They discuss and develop their business item. It can be a new product or a new business model. And then, they start business before they graduate. Professors and professionals manage the whole process and help students.
  One of the key policies of Korean government provides to make universities move is evaluation and support system done by National Research Foundation of Korea. NRF invited universities to join LINC(Leaders in INdustry-university Cooperation) program and evaluated the applied universities that can do the job well. The universities got certain amount of fund depending on the evaluation year by year. If one did well this year then got more fund next year. It has made universities move. 
  Q2. University students' innovative undertaking is inseparable from the support of industry. As President of Korea Productivity Association and Representative of Automotive Market Forum, Hyundai Motor Co., could you please briefly introduce the University-Industry-Government interactions in Korea, and how the industries help with company’s creation?
  A2. Korean universities used to give theory oriented education because professors were experts on theories. Creativity, however, come from combinations of theories and techniques. To improve interactions among University-Industry-Government, we had to shift many professors into experts on practical knowledge. It was done by R&D funds.
  Central and local governments have given subsidies for R&D of companies to universities on condition of co-working. Industries (there are associations for each industry) and conglomerates also offer their own R&D funds to universities. Professors who want to get the research fund should broaden his research area to the subjects based on practical knowledge. They use the fund to cultivate students as well as to research the subjects. We also have a program, named ‘Capstone Design’. Students have to do a comprehensive project to graduate university. The qualification of graduation was changed from thesis to ‘Capstone Design’. Some of the projects are asked by companies.
  These programs result in making students innovative and application oriented. They will be the talents making companies creative.
  Q3. In your perspective, what are the characteristics and advantages of entrepreneurial education at Korean universities?
  A3. One of the distinctive characteristics of Korean education is focusing all resources into the target, once it is fixed. We have been doing it in several years. Each university established a schematic education system on its own already. One of the advantages of Korean entrepreneurial education is failure-tolerating system. As you know most of entrepreneurs fail their business. The failure could make the businessman as well as his family in trouble for a long time. We give students financial support, so even if they fail they would not be bankrupt. This is a failure tolerating system of entrepreneurial education. There are some universities having government fund for it.
  Q4. As for the development of entrepreneurial education in the future, do you have any suggestion?
  A4. I am sure that the entrepreneurial education in the future should target on the global business startup. The most important foundation of global business is sincerity. Sincerity can be developed through business relationship which cannot be made at the starting point of business. It is a sort of trap on global business. One good option to conquer the gap is friendship. So if we want students to grow into global entrepreneurs, we should focus on making them develop international friendship.
  Universities should also decide their own position concretely. Some specialized universities in theoretical research have to focus on bringing up scholars who are experts on theories. General universities, however, would be better to focus on cultivating talents for industries as workers or entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs don’t have to be geniuses because they are not inventers or theory developers. What they need is creativity which is a pattern of thinking. So creativity training is the key of entrepreneurial education for the latter.
  Q5. Kunsan National University has entrepreneurial center, please share with us how it promotes entrepreneurial education at university and cultivates entrepreneurial talents?
  A5. Actually we have been working the same scheme that I wrote at the answer of question 1. But my concern is to cultivate my students as technology based entrepreneurial talents. As a second stage of the education, we will start a new department next year (2017). The Department of Entrepreneurship develops lectures on technologies of some areas such as ICT, Food Engineering, Basic Chemical Techniques and so on for students to find their own talent. We will train them as entrepreneurs with the items in their talented areas.  
  Q6. Currently, China is implementing “Made in China (2025)”. In your opinion, what will be the key points to cultivate future manufacturing talents?
  A6. Leaders of a country should put priority of policies on prospering of manufacturing industry. Innovation never comes without manufacturing. In this context, the aim “Made in China (2025)” is a timely slogan. China has passed the mass production stage already and is going into the stage of ‘quality improvement’. In this stage Chinese manufacturing industry needs well trained quality control human resources. Industry also needs people who can learn management skills from global leading companies. To cultivate the talents, students in engineering colleges should be taught TQM, 6-Sigma and students in management science should be taught benchmarking.
  A key factor on quality improvement is the third-party quality certification organization. For example, we have ‘Kunsan Advanced Technology Innovation Center (KATIC)’ in Kunsan National University. Automobile/Machinery parts companies who want to supply their parts to OEM, they need a certification of quality (durability, reliability, etc.). They use the center for it because OEMs usually request the third-party certification. It would be better for universities to cultivate test-evaluation talents also.
  Q7. With the development of higher education globalization, there are more and more globally educational cooperation. Would you like to talk about the cooperation between Kunsan National University and Chinese universities, especially in aspect of entrepreneurial education?
  A7. As you know, most of entrepreneurs cannot success. We should ask students why they want to be entrepreneurs even it is high risk. In my opinion, business is not for making money but for making friends. If someone think his/her own purpose of business is making friends, then he/she can still be happy even if there is a failure as long as he/she has made friends. Making friends who can cooperate together is the most important thing what students should learn at universities.
  We have a global entrepreneurship camp with Wenzhou University. The camp is held in Wenzhou University in summer and Kunsan National University in winter for a week. In the camp, students have chance to make friends of different culture. About 30 students come from both universities are mingled and divided into a few groups. And then each group develops their own business model together. I know they cannot make a successful startup in the short period. My main concern is to make them friends. It works. A group is going to start a business this coming autumn. 
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